The Eco-smart City

Stockholm is growing rapidly and enjoying a positive stage in its development, where many people are attracted to the city to realize their dreams of a good life. All new Stockholmers need housing, workplaces, commercial services and public services such as schools and pre-schools. The city needs to expand, develop and maintain all infrastructure like streets, power lines, and public transport. The high ambitions within the area of climate and the environment must be matched by efforts for a socially cohesive city.

In Vision 2040 - A Stockholm for everyone, Stockholm is described as a climate-smart city that prioritises cycling, walking and public transportation. An efficient, climate-smart transportation system is combined with greater consumption of renewable energy. Children are guaranteed a non-toxic environment and more organic food is served at city facilities.

Environment programme

The City adopted its first comprehensive environmental programme in 1976. Since then, a line of programmes has been put forward, with persistently high ambitions and new challenges. The environmental programme 2016-2019 is the ninth consecutive effort and clarifies the City’s direction. A large dose of innovative competence is required to meet the challenges and reach the City’s targets. Many of these challenges affect several different sectors, and the City needs to continuously seek new forms of cooperation and new ways of thinking.

The programme starts with today’s prevailing challenges to Stockholm having a living environment, both outdoor and indoor, that is sustainable. It focuses on the challenges that lie within the area of responsibility of the City of Stockholm, but also encompasses the objectives that demand action from actors outside the mandate of the City. Therefore, the environmental programme consists of both the direct influence the City has through its own operations in the form of manpower and property, and that which the City indirectly can influence, for instance residents’ emissions of greenhouse gases and the environmental interference caused by traffic.

Main goals

The environmental programme is centered around six comprehensive environmental targets which constitute a local specification of the 16 National environmental quality objectives that are most relevant for Stockholm.

  1. Sustainable energy use
  2. Environmentally friendly transport
  3. Sustainable land and water use
  4. Resource-efficient recycling
  5. A non-toxic Stockholm
  6. A healthy indoor environment

The Stockholm Environment Programme 2016-2019

Strategy for a fossil-fuel free Stockholm by 2040

The strategy for a fossil-fuel free Stockholm describes how the city needs to work to meet and manage the challenge of climate change. 
Strategy for a fossil fuel free Stockholm by 2040

OECD cooperation

Stockholm is part of the OECD's Green Cities Programme for green growth. The Green Cities Programme offers selected cities to participate through case studies, which form the basis for an analytical OECD Flagship report. In addition to Stockholm the cities of Paris, Chicago and Kitakyushu (Japan) also participate in the programme.

The Green Cities Programme assesses how urban green growth and environmental policies can improve economic performance and environmental quality in cities. The aim is to increase the cities' contribution to national growth, quality of life and competitiveness.

C40 Climate Leadership Group

C40 is a group of large cities committed to tackling climate change. Big cities play a central role in fighting climate change. By fostering a sense of shared purpose, the C40 network offers cities an effective forum in which to work together, share information and demonstrate leadership. On the 19th of July 2019 Mayor Anna König Jerlmyr was elected to the C40 Cities Steering Committee, the governing body providing strategic direction for the network.

C40 - Stockholm Membership Profile

C40 City cap review – City of Stockholm (pdf, 767 kB, new window)

Cities leading the way:Seven climate action plans todeliver on the Paris Agreement (pdf, 3,27 MB, new window)

A green economy leader

London School of Economic's report Stockholm - Green Economy Leader, produced in partnership with the City of Stockholm, shows that Stockholm took early action to build a green economy – unlike most cities, environmental policies have been important to Stockholm for over 40 years. At the same time, early infrastructure investment such as building the city’s metro system in the 1950s, and development of district heating following the 1970s oil shocks has helped to build today’s lower carbon economy.


Björn Hugosson, Head of Climate Unit,
Phone: +46 8 508 29 680
The City Executive Office, Climate Unit, 
Ragnar Östbergs Plan 1, 105 35 Stockholm, Sweden.

Read more on Stockholm's sustainable efforts